Print Sources

Baughman, A.J. History of Huron County Ohio. 2 vols. Chicago: Clarke, 1909.

Beyer, William E. The History of the Veterans Memorial Bridge. Cleveland: CSU Library, 2001.

Black River Historical Society. Lorain, Ohio (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 1999.

Blower, James M. and Robert S. Korach. The N.O.T.&L. Story (CERA Bulletin 109). Chicago: CERA, 1966.

Broehl, Wayne G. Trucks, Trouble, and Triumph: The Norwalk Truck Line Company. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1954.

Brough, Lawrence A. and James H. Graebner. From Small Town to Downtown: A History of the Jewett Car Company. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2004.

Burton, Clarence M., William Stocking, Gordon K. Miller, eds. The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, Vol. 4. Detroit: Clarke, 1922.

Canfield, Joseph M., et al. Electric Railways of Northeastern Ohio (CERA Bulletin 108). Chicago: CERA, 1965.

Carter, Robert A. The Sandusky, Mansfield & Newark Railroad. 2002.

Christiansen, Harry. New Lake Shore Electric. Lakewood: Trolley Lore, 1978.

_____. Trolley Trails Through Greater Cleveland and Northern Ohio, Vol. 2. Lakewood: Trolley Lore, 1975.

Cleveland Plain Dealer. Progressive Men of Northern Ohio. Cleveland: Plain Dealer Press, 1906.

Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Huron and Lorain, Ohio. Chicago, 1894.

Dalmas, James E. The du Pont Family and The Street Railway Industry. Bel Air: Shagena, 2011.

Egen, Richard A. An Annotated & Illustrated Atlas of The Lake Shore Electric Railway Company, Vol. 1-3. Ts. 2001.

Frohman, Charles E. Milan and the Milan Canal. 1976.

_____. Sandusky's Yesterdays. Columbus: Ohio Historical Society, 1968.

Harwood, Herbert H. Jr. Invisible Giants. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2003.

_____, and Robert S. Korach. The Lake Shore Electric Story. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2000.

Herdendorf, Charles E. and Sheffield Village Historical Society. Sheffield Village (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 2011.

Hilton, George W. The Night Boat. Berkeley: Howell-North, 1968.

_____, and John F. Due. The Electric Interurban Railways In America. Stanford: Stanford University, 1964.

History of The Great Lakes, Vol. 1-2. Chicago, 1899.

J. G. Brill Company Records. Ms. (Collection 1556). The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Keenan, Jack. Cincinnati & Lake Erie Railroad: Ohio's great interurban system. San Marino: Golden West, 1974.

Kennedy, James Harrison. A History of the City of Cleveland. Cleveland, 1896.

Korach, Robert S. "Lake Shore Coach." Motor Coach Age. 48.2 (1997): 24-31. Print.

McCaleb, Willis A. "Lake Shore Electric Rolling Stock." Ts.

Men of Ohio in Nineteen Hundred. Cleveland: Benesch, 1901.

Mueller, Sandra Calvert, et. al. Memories of Crystal Beach Park, Vermilion, Ohio. Tucson: Wheatmark, 2007.

Ohio. Commissioner of Railroads and Telegraphs. Annual Report. Columbus: Myers, 1902.

Patton, Thomas J. with Dennis Lamont and Albert Doane. Lake Shore Electric Railway. Charleston: Arcadia, 2009.

Peterson, Virginia, and Sally Irwin Price. Bay Village (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 2007.

Picturesque Huron County. Norwalk, 1896.

Rehor, John A. The Nickel Plate Story. Milwaukee: Kalmbach, 1965.

Roe, John J. Letter to Willis McCaleb on history and personnel of the Sandusky, Milan & Norwalk Ry. 16 February 1964.

Sheffield Village Historical Society. "Sheffield's Interurban Electric Railways." The Village Pioneer. 3.2 (2008): 3-6. Print.

_____. "History of Sheffield's Black River Bridges." The Village Pioneer. 3.2 (2008): 7-11. Print.

_____. "History of Lake Breeze Road." The Village Pioneer. 8.2-3 (2013): 1-31. Print.

_____. "Life and Times of Tom Loftin Johnson." The Village Pioneer. 5.3 (2010): 4-7. Print.

_____. "Peter Bungart - Sheffield's Renowned Paleontologist." The Village Pioneer. 5.3 (2010): 2-3. Print.

Strutton, L.D. "The Toledo, Norwalk & Cleveland Railroad." The Firelands Pioneer. Vol. VI (1891): 46-58. Print.

Toman, James A. and Blaine S. Hays. Horse Trails to Regional Rails. Kent: Kent State University, 1996.

Upton, Harriet Taylor History of the Western Reserve. Chicago: Lewis, 1910.

Waldron, Faye G. Berlin Heights Interurbans. Berlin Heights: Berlin Heights Historical Society, 1995.

_____. Mitiwanga & Ruggles Beach - A recollection. Ts. 2010.

Wilkinson, William J. Letter on the history of the Sandusky, Norwalk & Mansfield Ry. 30 June 1961.

Williams, W.W. History of Erie and Huron Counties. Cleveland: Leader, 1879.

Wright, Frederick G. A Standard History of Lorain County Ohio. Chicago: Lewis, 1916.

Much information has been sourced from various newspaper and trade journal articles, far too numerous to list individually. These include, but are not limited to:

  • American Railroad Journal
  • Amherst News-Times
  • Black Swamp Trader & Firelands Gazette
  • Cleveland Plain Dealer
  • Electric Railway Journal
  • Electric Traction Weekly
  • Elyria Chronicle-Telegram
  • Elyria Reporter
  • Engineering Record
  • Erie County Reporter
  • Fremont Daily News
  • Fremont News-Messenger
  • Lorain Daily Democrat
  • Lorain Journal
  • Lorain Times-Herald
  • Mansfield News-Journal
  • Mansfield Weekly News
  • Monroeville Spectator
  • Norwalk Evening Herald
  • Norwalk Reflector
  • Ohio Jewish Chronicle
  • Philadelphia Inquirer
  • Philadelphia Sun Times
  • Sandusky Register
  • Sandusky Star-Journal
  • Street Railway Journal
  • Street Railway Review
  • Westlake & Bay Village Observer
  • Vermilion News

Interviews & Correspondence

Chidester, Jane. Heidelberg Beach Association. E-mail correspondence. 2010-2011.

Eakin, Eric. Bay Village Historical Society. E-mail correspondence. 2010.

Korach, Robert. Electric railway historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011-2013.

Lamont, Dennis. LSE historian. E-mail correspondence. 2010-2019.

Mihalek, Jim. Railroad historian. E-Mail correspondence. 2017-2019.

Sanders, Paige. Mitiwanga historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011-2012.

Vigrass, Bill. Electric railway historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011.

Waldron, Faye. Former Mitiwanga employee, formerly of the Berlin Heights Historical Society. Telephone interview. 2011.


Abandoned Rails. <>

"About Us." 103rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. <>

"Archival Records." Heidelberg Beach Association. <>

Berger, Arnold. Eagle Street Synagogue. Cleveland Jewish History. <>

Brady, Daniel. Brady's Bunch of Lorain County Nostalgia. <>

Cleveland Memory Project. Cleveland State University Libraries. <>

Cleveland's Subway Story Told with Maps and Graphics. Urban Ohio. <,2726.0.html>

Diederich, Denise. Diederich Family Geneaology. <>

Eakin, Eric, and Gay Menning. Bay Village History. City of Bay Village. <>

Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. <>

Erie County Auditor. <>

Genealogy Trails. Berlin Heights. <>

Goodtime III Company History. <>

Historical Collections of the Great Lakes. Bowling Green State University. <>

The History of Norwalk. <>

Keenan, Jack. The Fight for Survival: The Cincinnati & Lake Erie and the Great Depression. Indiana Historical Society. <>

"Lake Erie's Yesterdays." Ohio Digital Resource Commons. <>

Lorain County Auditor. <>

Miller, Carol Poh. Detroit-Superior High Level Bridge. Historic American Engineering Record. <>

_____. Rocky River Bridge, A Short History. Cleveland State University. <>

"Nickel Plate Road Outings." Nickel Plate Road Historical and Technical Society. <>

Ohio Bikeways. "North Coast Inland Trail." <>

Ohio Memory. <>

Ritchey, Loraine. Captain Wilford - A Hero of the Inland Seas. That Woman's Weblog. <>

_____. The Voyage of the Leo. That Woman's Weblog. <>

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. <>

Sheffield Village Historical Society. < Society/Historical Society.htm>

Tarrant, Richard. Vermilion Views. <>

"U.S. 6 - The Grand Army of the Republic Highway." Federal Highway Administration. <>

(Please note: Some of the websites or URL's listed above may have changed or may no longer be available.)

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